Most gold produced today in the US comes from large open-pit heap leach mines in the state of Nevada. The US is a net exporter of gold. Many western US gold mines are located on federal public land, on which the mining companies pay no royalties to the US government. Gold mines operate under the General Mining Act of 1872, which permits mineral mining on public land without payment of royalties.
Learn how to find and acquire past producing gold mines in the United States.
In 2011, all of the world's 14 major producing countries recorded growth in output except for Peru, Indonesia and Brazil (global primary production up 5.5%). In 2011, the world's five leading gold producers, in order of total production were China (355 tons), Australia (270 tons), USA (237 tons), Russia (200 tons) South Africa (190 tons). South Africa's drop in ranking is not a result of resource depletion but rather high production costs
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